About the Practice

During rainy season (Sep–Nov) there is usually a growth of mushrooms in the collar region of the trees of acid lime. If these mushrooms are not controlled it will lead to death of trees. Farmers in this area usually apply Bordeaux mixture for control of mushrooms. Bordeaux mixture needs 4-5 days to suppress the growth of mushrooms. Anthonisamy has found an alternative method of control by using locally available materials. 2 kg of Aloe vera and 1 kg garlic are crushed and ground well by adding little water to make it as a paste. This has to be smeared over the affected collar region of trees. This practice ensures control of mushrooms within 3 hours. He also uses this mixture for control of earhead bugs in paddy or sorghum. For this, he mixes 1 kg each of Moottanarielai (Coleus aromaticus) and tulsi (Ocimum sanctum ) in 100 l of water and adds it to the existing mixture. This ensures protection of grains from earhead bug attack better than synthetic pyrethroids recommended by agricultural department.

About the Innovator

Knowledge Provider / Innovator: Anthonisamy
Agro-Ecological Zone: Eastern Ghats And Tamil Nadu Uplands (8.1)
Address: Puliankudi
District: Tirunelveli
State: Tamil Nadu
PIN Code 627855

Practice Details

Crop: Acid lime
Crop Family: Rutaceae
Crop Scientific Name: (Citrus aurantifolia)
Crop Vernacular Name: Nimbu
Formulation: Two kg of Aloe vera leaves and one kg Garlic root are crushed and ground well by adding little water to make it as a paste.
Ingredients: Aloe vera and Garlic (Allium sativum L.)

PAS 1:

"The antifungal effect of alcohol extracts of Malaysian Aloe vera leaf is better than the aqueous extract for A. niger (p < 0.001). Malaysian Aloe vera has a significant antifungal effect towards A. niger.[ Saniasiaya, Jeyasakthy et al. “Antifungal Effect of Malaysian Aloe vera Leaf Extract on Selected Fungal Species of Pathogenic Otomycosis Species in In Vitro Culture Medium.” Oman medical journal vol. 32,1 (2017): 41-46.

PAS 2:

"Aloe vera gel extracted from the Aloe vera leaves was evaluated for their antifungal activity @ 0.15%, 0.25% and 0.35% concentration against five plants pathogenic fungi viz., Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Alternaria alternata, Drechslera hawaiensis and Penicillum digitatum 0.35% concentration Aloe vera gel completely inhibited the growth of Drechslera hawaiensis and Alternaria alternata.[ Sitara, Uzma & Hassan, Nusrat & Naseem, Jawed. (2011). Antifungal activity of Aloe vera gel against plant pathogenic fungi. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 43."

PAS 3:

"The incidences of fungal infections are increasing due to the growing phenomena of antifungal resistance and a limited number of antifungal drugs. As some fungi adversely affect on human health such as Candida albicans, or on its economic plants such as Aspergillus niger. In the current study, minced cloves of garlic from the Sudanese variety was tested against two referenced fungi, namely Aspergillus niger ATCC®6275TM and Candida albicans ATCC®10231TM. The results showed that garlic has a noticeable and high antifungal activity against both fungal strains, the inhibition zones of garlic were 41.0±4.0 mm and 28.0±1.0 mm, respectively, compared with clotrimazole which was 22.5±1.5 mm and 27.5±0.5 mm, respectively. This antifungal activity was statistically significant. Though, the fresh minced cloves of garlic was a competitor to that antifungal drug. With the available data, it can be concluded that garlic bulb is a potent antifungal agent. [Abdallah, Emad. (2017). Potential Antifungal Activity of Fresh Garlic Cloves (Allium sativum L.) from Sudan. Journal of Biotechnology Research. 3. 106-109."

PAS 4:

"The study was aimed to determine the antifungal activity of garlic on some selected fungi. Garlic samples were purchased from Dutsinma central market, Katsina state. The samples were washed, separated and peeled to obtain the edible portion. The fungi were isolated using the culture method and identified based on morphological characteristics. The extract was prepared using two solvents (aqueous and ethanol) by soaking method. The antifungal activity of aqueous and ethanolic garlic extract was determined on some selected fungi namely, Fusarium spp and Rhizopus spp. From the results it is clear that, ethanol extract showed more activity when compare to aqueous extract. The diameter of zones of inhibition for the ethanolic extract ranged between 4.1-14.3mm, while that of aqueous extract ranged between 2.4-10.4mm. The MIC for the ethanolic extract was 2.5mg/ml and 5.0mg/ml for (Fusarium spp.) and (Rhizopus spp.) respectively. While for aqueous extract there was no effect on both tested organisms. It can be concluded from this study that garlic extract showed antifungal activity against the test organism. Moreover, the ethanolic extract showed inhibitory activity among the tested fungi.[ Musa, D.. (1970). Antifungal Activity of Garlic (Allium sativum) Extract on Some Selected Fungi. Journal of Medicinal Herbs and Ethnomedicine. 12-14. 10.25081/jmhe.2018.v4.3383."

PAS 5:

t is thought that these properties are the basis of its antimicrobial action. We tested the effectiveness of garlic juice against a range of plant pathogenic bacteria, fungi and oomycetes in vitro. Allicin effectively controlled seed-borne Alternaria spp.[ Slusarenko A.J., Patel A., Portz D. (2008) Control of plant diseases by natural
products: Allicin from garlic as a case study.
In: Collinge D.B., Munk L., Cooke B.M. (eds) Sustainable disease management in a European context. Springer, Dordrecht.

GIAN Reference: GIAN/UAL/374 - Practice ID:

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