According to traditional knowledge of the tribal people in Dang district, the branches of Banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis) promote flowering in plants. Tulasyabhai Somabhai Bagul has adopted this practice. About 500 gm of tender branches of banyan is mixed with two liters of water. This mixture is sprayed on the plant using a sprayer, during the flowering stages. He has been practicing this in his fields for urad and paddy crops. Tulasyabhai is known as a bhagat in the village. He also has knowledge of veterinary practices. His father was also a bhagat and he learnt this practice from him.
Crop: Urad and paddy
Crop Family: Urad: Fabaceae, Paddy: Poaceae
Crop Scientific Name: (Vigna mungo), (Oryza sativa)
Crop Vernacular Name: Urad: black gram, pessara, kattulunnu Paddy: akki, nellu, rice, biyam
Formulation: 500 gms of tender branches of banyan is mixed with two litres of water and spray on plant
Ingredients: Banyan tree Leaves
"The vermicompost of Ficus leaves were nutrient rich, odour free ,more mature and stabilized than initial waste mixture. The present study showed that good quality vermicomposting could be prepared from dry leaves of trees. When India is facing shortage in supplying chemical fertilizers to all its farmers to increase food production and gradually switching over to evergreen revolution through integrated nutrient management where vermicomposting plays an important role, none can afford to destroy these dry leaves by burning. Vermicomposting is the sustainable, low-cost and easy solution for the beneficial utilization of such huge quantities of dry leaves. [Vasanthi, K. (2015). Vermiconversion of leaf wastes ( Ficus benghalensis and Ficus racemosa ) by employing Eudrilus eugeniae. International Journal of Advanced Research. Volume 3. 798 - 806.]"
"Organic foliar fertilizer, called AZ 41, is a combination of pure Aloe vera powder, known as manapol, and oil from the bark of Australian tea, known as melaleuca. AZ 41 is effective in reducing the populations of aphids, fruitfly, resulting in fruits without blemish"
http:/www.manilatimes.net/national/2003/nov/12/prov/20031112pro5.html. "By spraying cow urine farmers can control aphids"
"Phytochemical screening of Ficus benghalensis fruit were performed in three solvents viz; methanol, chloroform, and aqueous were used to obtain extracts from powdered fruits which extracts were subjected to qualitative and quantitative phytochemical screening using standard procedures. Phytochemicals constituents were abundant in methanolic fruit extracts. The characterization of functional groups were analyzed using FT-IR spectroscopy.[ S T, Gopukumar & Alexander, Princy & M, Jainamboo & P.K, Praseetha. (2016). Phytochemical Screening and FT-IR Analysis of Ficus benghalensis Fruits. International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research. 8. 1529-1534.]"
"Flowering at the right time is of great importance; it secures seed production and therefore species survival and crop yield. In addition to the genetic network controlling flowering time, there are a number of much less studied metabolites and exogenously applied chemicals that may influence the transition to flowering as well as flower opening. Increased emphasis on research within this area has the potential to counteract the negative effects of global warming on flowering time, especially in perennial crop plants. Perennial crops have a requirement for winter chill, but winters become increasingly warm in temperate regions. This has dramatic effects on crop yield. Different strategies are therefore being developed to engineer flowering time to match local growing conditions. The majority of these efforts are within plant breeding, which benefits from a substantial amount of knowledge on the genetic aspects of flowering time regulation in annuals, but less so in perennials. An alternative to plant breeding approaches is to engineer flowering time chemically via the external application of flower-inducing compounds. This review discusses a variety of exogenously applied compounds used in fruit farming to date, as well as endogenous growth substances and metabolites that can influence flowering time of annuals and perennials.[ Irina Alexandra Ionescu, Birger Lindberg Møller, Raquel Sánchez-Pérez, Chemical control of flowering time, Journal of Experimental Botany, Volume 68, Issue 3, 1 January 2017, Pages 369–382,"
"Induction of flowering by use of chemicals and cincturing in 'Shahi' litchi [Kumar, Amrendra & Pandey, S & Patel, Ramkishor & Singh, Sanjay Kumar & Srivastava, Kuldeep & Nath, Vishal. (2015). Induction of flowering by use of chemicals and cincturing in 'Shahi' litchi. The Bioscan. Special issue. 493-496."