The pounded neem leaves 3 kilograms into fine powder, add turmeric 300 grams, cow urine 5 litres, and cowdung 5 kilograms. Add water 20 liters, mix well, and leave the solution to stand for two days. After filtering this solution through a cloth, dilute in 200 liters of water and spray on the crop. Apart from bringing the insects under control, presence of of cow urine cowdung in the solution prevents many diseases.
Crop: Neem, Turmeric
Crop Family: Meliaceae, Zingiberaceae
Crop Scientific Name: (Azadirachta indica), (Curcuma longa)
Formulation: The pounded neem leaves 3 kg into fine powder, add turmeric 300 gm, cow urine 5 L, and cowdung 5 kilograms. Add water 20 L, mix well, and leave the solution to stand for two days.
Ingredients: Neem (Azadirachta indica) leaves, turmeric (Curcuma longa), cow urine, cow dung.
Agbo, B.E., Nta, A.I. and Ajaba, M.O., Bio-pesticidal Properties of Neem (Azadirachta indica)PAS 2:
"Neem Seed Kernel Extract (NSKE) 5% (50 g/lit) used to control Jumping plant lice."
"Neem based sprays can be utilized at initial stage of hopper population (Azadirachtin 3000 ppm@2ml/l)."
The aqueous extracts has biopesticidal properties.