About the Practice

The humidity in the air following the first rains during the monsoon season makes the environment ideal for the breeding of various insects. Several species of insects like the fruit fly, sucking insects, and (Castor semilooper) insects abound and attack fruit crops. These insects damage the jujube (Ziziphus jujuba), mango (Mangifera indica), guava (Psidium guajava) as well as other vegetable crops. To control extensive damage to the crop, Shah makes use of powders of tamaku or tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) and vavding, a poisonous false-black pepper (Embelia ribes), cowdung and cow urine in a preparation. Vavdingis available in most grocery shops. Take tobacco powder 3 kilograms, vavding powder 250 gm and cowdung 5-6 kg. Mix these well and dissolve in 5 L of cow urine. Dilute the mixture in 20-25 L of water. Stir well and allow to stand for two days. Filter the liquor through a cloth and again dilute in 200 litres of water.

About the Innovator

Knowledge Provider / Innovator: Vijay M Shah
Address: Mandvi
District: Kutch
State: Gujarat
PIN Code 370465

Practice Details

Crop: Tobacco, (Embelia ribes)
Crop Family: Solanaceae
Crop Scientific Name: (Nicotiana tabacum), (Embelia ribes)
Crop Vernacular Name: Tobacco; Baberana, Wawrung
Formulation: Take tobacco powder 3 kilograms, vavding powder 250 grams and cowdung 5 to 6 kilograms. Mix these well and dissolve in 5 litres of cow urine.
Ingredients: Tobacoo (Nicotiana tabacum) powder, vavding or false black-powder (Embelia ribes) powder, cow urine, cow dung.

PAS 1:

"Nicotine sprays are a traditional remedy for a range of pests, including whiteflies, gnats, root and leaf aphids, thrips and leafminers."
https://homeguides.sfgate.com/use-tobacco-juice-control-pest-garden-42841.html (
Dated: 12/5/2020)

PAS 2:

"Gardeners have used home-made mixtures of tobacco and water as a natural pesticide to kill insect pests."

PAS 3:

"The worms accumulated on trees can be treated by smoking the tree with the mixture of white mustard (Brassica alba), ramatha (Ferula assafoetida), vidanga (Embelia ribes), vaca (Acorus calamus), usana (Piper nigrum), and water mixed with beef, horns of buffalo, fl esh of pigeon, and the powder of bhillata (bhallataka; Semecarpus anacardium).” (V.195)"
dated: 12/5/2020

PAS 4:

Cow urine acts as a nutrient as well as hormone and believed to served as repellent for insects. Different concentrations of Cow urine either alone or in combination with recommended insecticides provided effective control of many insect pests. D.M. KORAT and K.R. DENGALE. 2011. Cow urine – A natural animal by product for insect pest suppression. Green Farming Vol. 2 (4) : 502-504

PAS 5:

"Cow dung extract can control insects and pest like earthhead bug, leaf folder, stem borer, caaterpillers and other chewers."
Dated: 12/5/2020

GIAN Reference: GIAN/UAL/457 - Practice ID: DTP0010000002492

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