About the Practice

A pit of 6 inch x 6 inch x 3 inch size is made to make a compost. The pit is filled with coir upto a half feet of height. Over this, slurry from a Gober or cow dung gas unit is sprinkled. With every layer of coir, 200 ml of sour curd or buttermilk is added and the pit is filled up. Thereafter the pit is covered with pond or tank silt upto a height of half a feet. After 3 months a good odorous manure will be ready for use. The manure would be ready for use after three months.

About the Innovator

Knowledge Provider / Innovator: T N Prakash
State: Tamil Nadu
PIN Code 600017

Practice Details

Formulation: Gober or cow dung gas
Ingredients: Discarded coir obtained from coir factories, slurry from a Gober or cow dung gas unit, sour curd or buttermilk and pond or tank silt.

PAS 1:

"Coir pith compost is an aerobic composting. Composting of coir pith reduces its bulkiness and converts plant nutrients to the available form. Coir composting as an organic source helps to enrich our degraded soils and system. [Joshi, Ekta&Gautam, Priyanka& Kumar, Manoj &Lal, Dr.B.. (2014). Coir
Compost: A Source of Plant Nutrient in Organic Farming. Popular Kheti. 1. 142-145.]"

PAS 2:

"Dumping of coir pith, the by product of coir - industry is po sing serious environmental problems in the s outhern states of India, especially Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka , India . A study was conducted at Vaniampara Rubber Estate ( Kerala , India ) to demonstrate the potential of Novcom composting method towards production of quality compost using coir - pith as raw material . Novco m coir pith compost was produced within a period of 21 days with one turning of the compost heap o n 10 th day. Physicochemical and fertility status of compost resemble d the standard set by different international composting councils , while its total nitroge n (1.48 percent) content was much higher than coir pith compost produced using other composting processes. The high value of nitrogen might be due to intense biodegradation process , which lower ed the potential for N loss and favorably influenced atmospheri c - N fixation through naturally generated autotrophic micro flora within compost heap. The finding was corroborated by the high population of microbes (10 14 to 10 16 c. f. u. per g moist compost) within compost, which were generated naturally during the com posting process. Maturity and phytotoxicity bioassay test s confirm ed that Novcom coir pith compost was mature and free from phytotoxic effect. The study conclude d that Novcom composting method could be an effective and economical process fo r speedy convers ion of coir pith in to a valuable input for organic soil management . [Antara Bera, Ranjan Datta, Anupam Saha, Susmita Chatterjee, Ashis Barik, Arun Mazumdar. (2015). SUCCESSFUL BIODEGRADATION OF COIR PITH WASTE USING NOVCOM COMPOSTING
METHOD: A CASE STUDY FROM VANIAMPARA RUBBER ESTATE, INDIA. Journal of Pharmaceutical & Scientific Innovation. 4. 72-77. 10.7897/2277-4572.04117.]"

PAS 3:

Co-composting of coir pith supplemented with cow manure, coconut juice, and rice bran under comparatively low initial C/N ratios, i.e., 20, 25, and 30, was investigated in this study. For the three compost piles, physical changes in terms of color, odor, and texture, and pH appeared to be of similar trend and reached maturity within 1 month. Further, initial C/N ratios posed significant influence on the composting performance assessed in terms of temperature evolution, OM degradation, and TN loss. The OM and TN losses observed for all compost piles fitted well to the first-order kinetic. Pile 2 with the initial C/N ratio of 25, on the one hand, showed the fastest biodegradation rate during the initial (bio-oxidative) phase of composting and, on the other hand, led the highest TN losses during an entire composting process. Pile 1 with the initial C/N ratio of 30 allowed optimal composting process in that minimal TN loss and utilization of larger quantity of coir pith were

GIAN Reference: GIAN/UAL/511 - Practice ID: KNW0010000000950

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