About the Practice

The termite infested straw cannot be used as fodder for the animals. This problem is solved by cleaning the Khala or the storage place with a shovel and then laying the floor with milk hedge. According to Parmar the typical smell of the milky sap of the milk hedge plant repels the termites. Another farmer uses a slightly different approach to prevent the attack of termites on the standing crop by using the same milk hedge plant. The farmer crushes the milk hedge plant and puts it in the main irrigation canal. Wheat is most susceptible to termite attack at the third irrigation stage. The water passing over milk hedge stems helps controlling termites. Clean the storage place also known as Khalawith a shovel and layer the floor with kharsadi or milk hedge (Euphorbia tirucalli). One can also put crushed milk hedge plant in the main irrigation canal used to irrigate the wheat crop.The water passing over milk hedge stems is supposed to help in controlling termites.

About the Innovator

Knowledge Provider / Innovator: Mafatlal Shivabhai Parmar
Agro-Ecological Zone: Middle Gujarat Agro Climatic zone(GJ-3), North Gujarat Zone GJ-4
Address: Kheda, Gujarat
District: Kheda
State: Gujarat
PIN Code 387411

Practice Details

Ingredients: Kharsadi or milk hedge (Euphorbia tirucalli)

PAS 1:

"Euphorbia tirucalli L. (Euphorbiaceae) was evaluated against a number of pests to assess its pesticidal properties. Using various bioassays, it was established that its latex is effective against the bean aphid (Brevicorynebrassicae) and Anopheles mosquito larvae (Anopheles Gambiae and A. fenestus) as well as a number of nematodes. It, however, fell short of obtaining economic threshold levels with the diamond back moth (Plutellaxylostella) and others like Purex spp. Its usefulness as a plant-based remedy was underscored but it was observed that a lot remains to be established like its toxicity to non-target organisms, its residual levels at harvest and long term effect to the environment among others, in order to allow public use and commercialization. Its potential as a plant-based pesticide was observed pending extraction of active ingredients from its latex." [Mwine, Julius. (2011). Evaluation of pesticidal properties of Euphorbia tirucalli (Euphorbiaceae) against selected pests.]

PAS 2:

"Treatment with E. tirucalli and saline solution washing led the animals to survive the same period, with no deaths in the group treated with the latex in the evaluation period. There was also increased formation of firm intestinal adhesions, resistant to the handling, in the group of animals treated with E. tirucalli. " [deAraújo, LilhianAlves et al. “EFFECTS OF TOPICAL TREATMENT WITH EUPHORBIA TIRUCALLI LATEX ON THE SURVIVAL AND INTESTINAL ADHESIONS IN RATS WITH EXPERIMENTAL PERITONITIS. Arquivosbrasileiros de cirurgiadigestiva : ABCD = Brazilian archives of digestive surgery vol. 28,4 (2015): 243-6.

GIAN Reference: GIAN/UAL/539 - Practice ID: KNW0010000001247

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