Zinabhai Patel virtually intoxicates insects to control fruit fly attack on mango (Mangifera indica) crop. First, Jinabhai takes 2 l toddy obtained from palmyra palm (Borassus flabellifera), 1 l sugar solution and 5 l of jaggery solution. The jaggery solution is made from 2.5 kg of the sweet material dissolved in water in a container, preferably a drum. Toddy can either be from palmyra palm (Borassus flabellifera) or from date palm (Phoenix dactylifera). The three solutions are mixed in the drum. The combined solution is then sprayed on the mango crop. Since it is sticky, the solution settles on the leaves. When fruitflies try to infest the crop, they stick to the leaves and die, sparing the flowers and fruit. This is traditional remedy in regular use in Dhej village and surrounding areas. The remedy is preferable to chemical pesticides, as it is simple and materials are readily available. Fresh palmyra palm juice iscalled "nira" which becomes toddy when fermented.
Crop Family: Anacardiaceae
Crop Scientific Name: (Mangifera indica)
Crop Vernacular Name: Aam
Formulation: Palmyra palm (Borassus flabellifera), 1 L sugar solution and 5 L of jaggery solution.
Ingredients: Toddy obtained from Palmyra palm(Borassus flabellifera), Sugar, jaggery
"The limited number of active plant protection substances authorized for use in organic farming can provide support to natural and biological control agents in suppression of pests and diseases. This chapter highlights the principles and strategies of crop protection in organic farming, the cultural practices adopted, the active substances allowed for use to suppress pests, and the impacts on faunal and floral biodiversity. A case study of organic date palm cultivation is discussed." [