About the Practice

Rodents burrow deep holes along the bunds in of the fields and cause extensive damage to various crops. They scrape at the roots of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea), bore holes in the stems and gobble up fresh bolls of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) and munch away ripe grains of wheat (Triticum aestivum). Patel uses pancakes prepared from stale pearl millet or groundnut flour and crushed spikes of bracteates birthwort (Aristolochia bracteata) to fight the menace. He places pieces of the pancakes near the rat holes in the field. Some of rats do not like the foul smell and leave the field while those choosing to have a taste of the pancake are poisoned and killed.

About the Innovator

Knowledge Provider / Innovator: Karsanbhai Kalubhai Patel
Agro-Ecological Zone: North West Zone (GJ-5) North Saurashtra (GJ-6)
Address: Mu. Jasapar, Chotila, Surendranagar
District: Surendranagar
State: Gujarat
PIN Code 363430

Practice Details

Formulation: Pancakes prepared from stale pearl millet or groundnut flour
Ingredients: Birthwort (Aristolochia bracteata), Pearl millet (Pennisetum typhoides) flour

PAS 1:

"Diarrhea, dyspnea, tympany, arching of the back, loss of condition, and loss of hair from the back were the prominent signs when Aristolochiabracteata was given orally to goats. The main lesions were hemorrhages in the lungs, heart, and kidneys, fatty change and congestion in the liver, mucoidabomasitis and enteritis and straw-colored fluid in serous cavities. An increase in aspartate aminotransferase activity, ammonia and urea concentrations and a decrease in the concentrations of total protein and magnesium were detected in detected in the serum." [Barakat, Seifeldawla&Wasfi, Ibrahim & Adam, S.. (1983). The Toxicity of Aristolochiabracteata in Goats. Veterinary pathology. 20. 611-6. 10.1177/030098588302000513. ]

PAS 2:

"Swiss albino rats were used to study the toxicological effect of methanolic and chlorformic extract of Aristolochiabracteolata. Methanolic and chloroformic extracts were given at doses of 250 and 500 mg/kg BW to Swiss albino rats. Oral administration of the extract caused symptoms such as depression, arching of the back and tremors. Serum analysis indicated increase in the activi Aspartate amino transferease (AST), Alanine amino transferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). The concentration of urea, creatinine, and ammonia were also increased and the concentration of total protein decreased. The main lesions found were haemorrhage in the kidney and congestion of the liver. It has been reported that chloroformic extract at the rate of 500 mg/kg was more toxic than all thetreatments." [Payal Chawla. et al. / Asian Journal of Research in Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 1(2), 2013, 101 - 110. ]

GIAN Reference: GIAN/UAL/568 - Practice ID: DTP0010000003558

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