About the Practice

If cotton (Gossypiumhirsutum) seeds are planted with their hairy surface intact, they take two days longer to sprout. So, the farmer mixes 200 g termite hill clay, 100 g ash and one kilogram of cotton seeds. He adds water to this mixture and coats the cotton seeds to be planted with it. He lets this seeds dry and then sows them carefully. According to the farmer, this ensures faster germination of the seeds. After his father, Dharamsinhbhai has been using this method for 12 years now.Mix 200 g of termite hill clay, 100 g of ash and one kilogram of cotton (Gossypiumhirsutum) seeds. Add water to this mixture and coat the cottonseeds to be planted with it. Let this seeds dry and then sow them carefully. According to the farmer, this ensures faster germination of the seeds.

About the Innovator

Knowledge Provider / Innovator: Kalyanbhai Trikambhai Patel
Agro-Ecological Zone: North Saurashtra (GJ-6)South Saurashtra (GJ-7)
Address: Mu. Chotra, Rajula, Amreli, Gujarat
District: Amreli
State: Gujarat
PIN Code 365560

Practice Details

Crop: Pearl Millet
Crop Family: Grasses
Crop Scientific Name: (Pennisetum glaucum)
Crop Vernacular Name: Bajara
Formulation: Castor (Ricinus communis) capsules
Ingredients: Discarded rinds of castor (Ricinus communis) capsules, mesquite plant (Prosopis juliflora) branch.

PAS 1:

"Oils of plant origin are readily available and can be used in small amounts as adjuvants in tank-mix pesticide formulations. However, edible oils and petrochemical oils may be too expensive to consider for large-scale agricultural use. Castor oil, which is non-edible and abundant in several countries including Brazil, may be very useful in agricultural programs.Our experimental results indicated that the castor oil-based detergent applied on strawberry crops, in conjunction with well-known and established pesticides, can be a useful alternative due to its properties of low phytotoxicity to many plant species and to the fact that its residues break down rapidly through microbial action in the environment, translating into safety for humans and the environment." [GALHIANE, MárioSérgio et al. Evaluation of the performance of a castor-oil based formulation in limiting pesticide residues in strawberry crops. Quím. Nova [online]. 2012, vol.35, n.2 [cited 2020-10-30], pp.341-347. Available
from: <
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-40422012000200021&lng=en&Natural Resource Management=iso>. ISSN 0100-4042.
https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422012000200021. ]

PAS 2:

"Plants can defend themselves against the attack of aphids by producing secondary metabolites that can be used to control these insects. Ricinuscommunis is an interesting plant species with documented insecticidal activity (Rana et al. 2012)."

PAS 3:

"Identified so far for their insecticidal property and can be used as an alternative pest management for synthetic pesticides. The present investigation was conducted to evaluate the insecticidal activity of prosopisjuliflora against termite (Odontotermesobesus) and cockroach (Blattellagermanica). The n-hexane extract of the proposed plant showed higher percentage mortality at 10 % concentration in 30 and 42 hours against termite and cockroach respectively. The LD 50 was determined to be 0.472% and 1.07% for termite and cockroach, respectively after 23 hours. The proposed plant showed significant insecticidal activity at 0.005% level of confidence. From the present investigation it can be suggested that prosopisjuliflora can be used as potential insecticide" [Tura, Alemu&Tafese, Terefe. (2015). Insecticidal Activity of ProsopisJuliflora Seed Oil against Termite (Odontotermesobesus) and Cockroach (Blattellagermanica). 5. 2224-3186. ]

GIAN Reference: GIAN/UAL/577 - Practice ID: DTP0010000003677

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