About the Practice

Muljibhai Patel of Kapadvanjtaluka of Kheda district has tried planting saplings of milk hedge plant (Euphorbia tirucalli) along with fruit trees in the orchards. The roots of milk hedge plant help in warding off soil pests while the thorny, leafless branches of the plant keep away stray cattle from feeding on the fruit tree saplings.

About the Innovator

Knowledge Provider / Innovator: Muljibhai Kanabhai Patel
Address: Kapadvanj, Kheda
District: Kheda
State: Gujarat
PIN Code 387620

Practice Details

Formulation: Plant the saplings of milk hedge plant (Euphorbia tirucalli) along with fruit trees in the orchards.
Ingredients: The milk hedge plant (Euphorbia tirucalli) plant to control pests in fruit orchards

PAS 1:

"Grassroots innovations and traditional knowledge are precious resource which provides solutions for various kinds of problems and local needs. A review of SRISTI database suggest that large number of grassroots practices are being used by the farmers in the field conditions to control the termite (OdontotermesobesusRambur) attack. In this study, five plant species being used by grassroots innovators in different forms of preparation for termite control in field conditions were selected for efficacy evaluation. Herbal formulations were developed from the aqueous extracts of twig of Aristolochiabracteata Retz. (Aristolochiaceae), twig of SolanumsurattenseBurm.f. (Solanaceae), leaves of Calotropisprocera Ait. f. (Asclepiadaceae), milky latex of Euphorbia tirucalli L. (Euphorbiaceae) and oil of Ricinuscommunis L. (Euphorbiaceae). Primary screening of the individual extracts, oil and milky latex at 10% concentration shows that C. procera, A. bracteata, R. communis (oil) and E. tirucalli (latex) are having significant effects and caused 100% mortality. However, S. surattense caused 88.89% mortality. Compared to the individual treatments, mixture of extracts of C. procera, A. bracteata, S. surattense, oil of R. communis and milky latex of E. tirucalli showed better results in terms of mortality and hence should be preferred for termite control. The results obtained from the experiments are encouraging and proves efficacy of the plants in control of termite. The formulations based on the above plants could be green alternative for the termite control" [Sahay, N.S, Anti-termite potential of plants selected from the SRISTI database of Grassroots Innovations, JBiopest 7(Supp.):164-169 (2014)]

PAS 2:

"Euphorbia tirucalli L. (Euphorbiaceae) was evaluated against a number of pests to assess its pesticidal properties. Using various bioassays, it was established that its latex is effective against the bean aphid (Brevicorynebrassicae) and Anopheles mosquito larvae (Anopheles Gambiae and A. fenestus) as well as a number of nematodes. It, however, fell short of obtaining economic threshold levels with the diamond back moth (Plutellaxylostella) and others like Purex spp. Its usefulness as a plant-based remedy was underscored but it was observed that a lot remains to be established like its toxicity to non-target organisms, its residual levels at harvest and long term effect to the environment among others, in order to allow public use and commercialization. Its potential as a plant-based pesticide was observed pending extraction of active ingredients from its latex." [Mwine, Julius. (2011). Evaluation of pesticidal properties of Euphorbia tirucalli (Euphorbiaceae) against selected pests.]

GIAN Reference: GIAN/UAL/601 - Practice ID: KNW0010000000903

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