Textile industries are one of the major areas that have an importance throughout the world. However, off recent, the industry has been the epicentre of a massive pollution problem, worldwide. Water pollution is the main issue when it comes to textile industry.Textile industry is a voracious consumer of water. The water is used for various processes like sizing, scouring, bleaching, dyeing, printing and other finishing processes. In addition to this, the waste water is full of a variety of dyes and chemical additions that add to the challenge that they pose for the environment. This challenge is not only as a waste, but also as chemical composition. Mainly, pollution in the textile waste water comes from the dyeing and finishing processes.colorful cotton plants can be created by introducing pigment imparting genes so that hazardous dyes used in textile industry for dyeing clothes can be avoided and also to create eco-friendly fabric from these colorful cotton varieties.
Transgenesis is the process of introduction of a foreign gene into an organism in a heritable manner. Transgenic technology has many applications in plant biotechnology such as creating insect resistance (Bt Cotton, Bt corn), herbicide resistance, disease resistance against bacterial, fungal and viral pathogens and also to increase nutritional quality and agronomic traits in plants. In addition to this, it also provides a unique platform to incorporate required genes to enhance size, shape and color of the petals (Petunia and Dianthus caryophyllus flowers). Creating colorful plants/plant-products is an important aspect in commercial market. To genetically modify a plant by introducing desired genes in such a way that there will be no adverse effects on the environment is a challenging task. Most of the cultivated plants can be transformed either by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation or by particle bombardment. These two are the widely used methods for genetic manipulation of plants. A low-cost and stable alternative is virus-based vectors, can be efficiently used for high transient expression of foreign proteins in transfected plants. My research interest is to develop transgenic cotton varieties which express different pigment producing genes. Previously colored corn plants and Glo fish have been created by using gene transformation technique. Glass gem corn which differs from its natural colour , Glo fish. Both are the examples for genetic modification method currently available in commercial market Similarly, colorful cotton plants can be created by introducing pigment imparting genes so that hazardous dyes used in textile industry for dyeing clothes can be avoided and also to create eco-friendly fabric from these colorful cotton varieties. References: 1. Gelvin, S. B. MicrobiolMolBiol Rev. 2003 Mar; 67(1): 16-37. 2. Johannes Siemens Plants: Genetic Transformation DOI: 10.1002/9780470054581.eib566 3. Abuodeh, R. O., M. J. Orbach, M. A. Mandel, A. Das, and J. N. Galgiani. 2000. Genetic transformation of Coccidioidesimmitis facilitated by Agrobacterium tumefaciens. J. Infect. Dis. 181:2106–2110.
Link: These PIGMENTED VARIETIES OF COTTON product is Eco-friendly and benefited to either former's or consumers. subsides the usage of hazardous in textile industry.
Problem Scale: Worldwide
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