New Verieties of Nutmeg
The new `jaiphal' (nutmeg - Myristica fragrans) variety is the result of systematic selection from the seedlings planted at Kallanode in 1971 from a collection of seeds. This collection had come from a nursery that developed nutmeg seeds originally introduced from Sri Lanka in 1946. Indian Institute of Spice Research (IISR), Calicut studied this variety in detail and has certified its superiority.
Link: The new variety developed has large fruits. Compared to 150 dried nuts per kg of local varieties, the number in this variety is 90 dried nuts per kg. More importantly, the quality of japatri or mace (dried fibrous aril, covering the testa of the fruit) is much better. Weight of 1000 filaments of mace is between 3.5 kg and 4 kg, almost four times that of conventional varieties. Further, since the tree is a dwarf type, farmers can grow 100 nutmeg trees along with 100 coconut palms in half an acre (0.2 ha) plantation area.
Manufacturing Capacity: Yes
Problem Scale: Mild with Nutmeg Farmers